Basil Essential Oil: Properties, Uses, Composition and Safety

Oil Name: Basil Essential Oil

Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum

Oil Overview

Basil essential oil is of watery viscosity and is pale greenish-yellow in colour. The aroma is clear, light and peppery and gives a sweet, green top note to blends.

Oil Sources

Basil originates from tropical Asia and the Pacific Islands but is now cultivated throughout Europe and USA. The oil is extracted from the leaves and the flowering tops using steam distillation.

Essential or Carrier Oil?

Essential Oil

Chemical Content

Linalol, Camphor, Pinene, Eugenol and Methylchavicol.


Citrus, Herbaceous

Therapeutic Properties:

Analgesic, Antidepressant, Anti-spasmodic, Antivenomous, Carminative, Digestive, emmenagogue, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Insecticide, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic

Possible Uses

Acne, Allergies, Asthma, Bronchitis, Constipation, Cramps, Gout, Headaches, Menstrual Pain, Migraine, Nausea, Respiration, Skin Sores, Vomiting


Can Cause Drowsiness, Not Suitable for Children

Detail of Warnings

Although Basil usually stimulates, in excess it can have a groggy effect.
It should not be used during pregnancy or on children under 16 years of age.

Compatible Combination Oils

Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Fennel, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Neroli, Verbena


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