Bay Essential Oil: Properties, Uses, Composition and Safety

Oil Name: Bay Essential Oil

Botanical Name: Pimenta racemosa

Oil Overview

The scent of Bay oil is sweet, fresh and spicy. The oil is deep yellow in color and is of medium to watery viscosity.

Oil Sources

This sturdy evergreen tree is a native of West Indies, Venezuela and the Guianas. Nowadays the oil is obtained mostly from Morocco and Spain. The leaves collected from a tree at least 5 years old, are subjected to steam distillation (salt is often added or seawater used in the still).

Essential or Carrier Oil?

Essential Oil

Chemical Content

Eugenol, Chavicol, Myrcene, Cineol, and Methyl Eugenol.



Therapeutic Properties:

Analgesic, Antibiotic, Anti-neuralgic, Antiseptic, Aperitif, Astringent, emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Insecticide, Sedative, Tonic

Possible Uses

Circulation Problems, Colds and Flu, Dental Infection, Diarrhoea, Muscular Aches and Pains, Neuralgia, Rheumatism, Skin Infection


Irritant to Sensitive Skin, Irritant to Mucus Membranes, pregnancy: Not suitable for pregnant mothers

Detail of Warnings

Bay oil has a high eugenol content and may irritate the skin and mucus membranes, so use with caution.
Pregnant women should avoid it.

Compatible Combination Oils

Cedarwood, Coriander, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Ginger, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Rose, Rosemary, Thyme, Ylang-ylang


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