Bergamot Essential Oil: Properties, Uses, Composition and Safety

Oil Name: Bergamot Essential Oil

Botanical Name: Citrus Bergamia

Oil Overview

The scent of the oil is basically citrus, yet fruity and sweet with a warm spicy floral quality, and is reminiscent of Neroli and Lavender oil. The color ranges from green to greenish-yellow and has a watery viscosity.

Oil Sources

The tree is native to South East Asia but was introduced to Europe, and particularly Italy, but is also found in the Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria.
The name Bergamot is derived from the city Bergamo in Lombardy where the oil was first sold. The rind of both ripe and unripe fruit is used to extract the oil by expression.

Essential or Carrier Oil?

Essential Oil

Chemical Content

Limonene, Linalyl Acetate, Linalol, Gamma Terpenene, Bergaptene and Dipentene.


Citrus, Floral, Spicy

Therapeutic Properties:

Antibiotic, Antiseptic, Anti-spasmodic, Febrifuge, Stomachic

Possible Uses

Anorexia, Depression, Eczema, Fear, Hysteria, Psoriasis, Skin Infection, Stress, Tension


Irritant to Sensitive Skin, Photosensitivity: Avoid Sun

Detail of Warnings

Bergamot oil can cause severe burns when used on a sensitive skin exposed to sunlight, since the high content of bergaptene can cause photo-toxicity
It is advisable to keep out of the sun if used on the skin.

Compatible Combination Oils

Black Pepper, Clary Sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Jasmine, Mandarin, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang-ylang


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