Chamomile Essential Oil: Properties, Uses, Composition and Safety

Oil Name: Chamomile Essential Oil

Botanical Name: Chamomile Roman essential oil is produced from Anthemis nobilis and is also known as English Chamomile, Sweet Chamomile and Garden Chamomile. German Chamomile essential oil is from Matricaria chamomilla and is also known as Blue Chamomile, Hungarian Chamomile and Single Chamomile.

Oil Overview

The Chamomile Roman essential oil has a sweet, apple-like in fragrance and is very light clear blue in colour. Its viscosity is watery. The Chamomile German essential oil is sweet, straw-like in fragrance and is dark blue in colour. Its viscosity is medium.

Oil Sources

Chamomile Roman is native to England. It is now cultivated in Germany, France and Morocco. German Chamomile is cultivated in France, Morocco and Spain. Both the Chamomile Roman and German oil is extracted from the flowers by steam distillation.

Essential or Carrier Oil?

Essential Oil

Chemical Content

The main chemical components of Chamomile Roman oil are: Angelic, Methacrylic, Butyric and Tiglic Acids, Azulene. The main chemical components of Chamomile German oil are: Farnesene, Cuminic and Azulene.



Therapeutic Properties:

Analgesic, Antibiotic, Antidepressant, Anti inflammatory, Anti-neuralgic, Antiseptic, Anti-spasmodic, Carminative, Digestive, emmenagogue, Hepatic, Nervine, Sedative, Vulnerary

Possible Uses

Acne, Allergies, Colic, Diarrhoea, Digestion, Eczema, Headaches, Menstrual Pain, Migraine, Muscular Aches and Pains, Nervousness, Neuralgia, Pain Relief, Rashes, Rheumatism, Skin Infection, Skin Sores, Wounds


pregnancy: Not suitable for pregnant mothers

Detail of Warnings

Both are considered non-toxic and non-irritant, but have emmenagogue properties when used in high concentrations.
Both should be avoided during pregnancy.

Compatible Combination Oils

Bergamot, Clary Sage, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Rose, Tea Tree


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